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HISTORY MEME | FASCINATING WOMEN [8/10} → Anne, Queen of Great Britain l (1665 – 1714)

Anne was born at 11:39 pm, 6 February 1665 in London, the second daughter of James, Duke of York, brother of Charles II. She spent her early years in France living with her aunt and grandmother. Although Anne’s father was a Catholic, on the instruction of Charles II Anne and her sister Mary were raised as Protestants. In 1683, Anne married Prince George of Denmark. It was to be a happy marriage, although marred by Anne’s frequent miscarriages, still births and the death of children in infancy.

Her sister Mary married William of Orange but Anne was forbidden by her father to visit her in the Netherlands. When William landed in England in 1688 to take the throne, Anne on the influence of her close friend Sarah Churchill (1650–1744) the wife of John Churchill (1650–1722), supported her sister and brother-in-law against her father James. Churchill was created Duke of Marlborough by William when he was crowned King William III and her sister Queen Mary II. Anne detested her brother-in-law and she was led by Churchills’ influence to briefly engage in Jacobite intrigues during William’s reign.

Mary died in 1694 and on William’s death in 1702 Anne succeeded to the throne as Queen Anne. When she was crowned in April 1702 Anne was 37 years old and after her many pregnancies had poor health and no longer her youthful figure. She was shy and stubborn and very different from her outgoing sister Mary. Anne and Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, remained close friends – Anne addressed Sarah as ‘Mrs Freeman’ and she called Anne ‘Mrs Morley’. Sarah’s husband the Duke of Marlborough commanded the English Army in the War of Spanish Succession. The influence of the Churchill’s however began to decline and after a violent quarrel in 1710, Sarah Churchill was dismissed from court. Abigail Masham succeeded the duchess as Anne’s favourite, using her influence to further the Tories.

Towards the end of her life, Anne suffered from gout and she could hardly walk. On her death in 1714 her body had swollen so large that she was buried in an almost square coffin. On the question of succession, Anne’s family loyalty had convinced her that this should fall to her father’s son by his second wife (Mary of Modena), James Edward Stuart, known as the Old Pretender. However, the Act of Settlement in 1701 ensured Protestant succession to the throne, and Anne was succeeded by George I, great-grandson of James I.

(Source: lochiels, via brodelaires)

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roachpatrol:

thefingerfuckingfemalefury:

historicwomen:

Anne Bonny 1702- 1782

Anne Bonny is one of the most notorious pirates in recorded history. She was born in Ireland but moved to America when her father was disgraced. She was tough and a rebel even before her days on the high sea. Legend says she stabbed one of her father’s maids, beat a man who attempted to rape her and put him in the hospital and publicly stripped her fencing instructor with her sword.

At sixteen Anne fell in love with a poor man named James Bonny and insisted on marrying him despite her father’s objections. She did and her father disowned her. She moved with James to New Providence where her husband worked capturing pirates. Anne thought this was exceptionally lame and left him for a pirate named Calico Jack

Anne was an excellent pirate. She did not hide her gender from her crew mates, but when attacking ships she dressed like a man and kicked ass like a woman. While on the high seas, Anne developed a friendship with fellow woman pirate, Mary Read. Some accounts report the two were lovers

One night, when Calico Jack’s crew was wasted, some privateers captured his ship. The crew was so drunk, none fought back but Bonny and Read. All the pirates were brought to trial and sentenced to execution. Bonny avoided this fate by revealing she was pregnant. Even after giving birth, her execution was delayed and eventually her paper trail ends. She was probably saved by her father who had influence over the courts, but there is no recorded evidence of her fate. 

AW YES

FABULOUS BISEXUAL LADY PIRATE, GET ON MY BLOG NOW <3

Can we also mention one of the most beautiful burns ever delivered? Calico Jack hid belowdecks during the fighting (while his fucking babymomma and her girlfriend were up there kicking ass) and it’s said that before she left the jail she stopped by Jack’s prison cell. He begged her to put in a good word for him and she said, “Jack, if you had but fought like a man you would not now be about to die like a dog.”

Then she strolled the fuck out and left him to rot.

(via nerdy-sapphic-witch)

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buffy-sainte-marie:

Buffy Sainte-Marie on the set of Sesame Street

"Sesame Street originally contacted me to say the alphabet. I said, “Have you ever done any aboriginal programming?” I worked with them for the next five and a half years, brought them to different reservations. They never tried to stereotype me. I taught the Count how to count in Cree. Just a year into Sesame Street I found out I was pregnant. I was doing three shows a day with a baby on my hip, I asked them, “What about doing a segment on breastfeeding?” Big Bird is sitting in his nest and I’m breast-feeding Cody. Big Bird said, “That’s a funny way to feed a baby.” I said, “It’s not the only way but he gets everything he needs and I get to cuddle him.” We were being seen by 72 countries three times a day. What an opportunity to make the world better.””

buffy-sainte-marie:

Buffy Sainte-Marie on the set of Sesame Street

"Sesame Street originally contacted me to say the alphabet. I said, “Have you ever done any aboriginal programming?” I worked with them for the next five and a half years, brought them to different reservations. They never tried to stereotype me. 

I taught the Count how to count in Cree. Just a year into Sesame Street I found out I was pregnant. I was doing three shows a day with a baby on my hip, I asked them, “What about doing a segment on breastfeeding?” Big Bird is sitting in his nest and I’m breast-feeding Cody. Big Bird said, “That’s a funny way to feed a baby.” I said, “It’s not the only way but he gets everything he needs and I get to cuddle him.” We were being seen by 72 countries three times a day. What an opportunity to make the world better.””

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jeannepompadour:

Portrait of Beatriz de Luna by Agnolo Bronzino, 1530-40

Q&A

victorianframeofmind asked,

“new to tumblr and stumbled upon your blog, i love it! From one history lover to another”

Awww thank you! I love history so much and it’s always awesome to meet another!

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jeannepompadour:

Marie-Therese of Spain, Queen of France by Jean Nocret, 1660

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Horrible Mother-In-Law From History
Blanche of Castile (1188-1252), Queen Consort of France (1223-1226) Queen Regent during her son&#8217;s Louis IX of Frances minority. 
Her son, Louis IX, married Marguerite of Provence at the age of 20 and the bride was 12/13. Even though Louis IX was King in his own right, he allowed his mother to run roughshod over his young wife. Blanche tried to prevent the couple from forming a relationship for fear that Marguerite would usurp her mother in law&#8217;s sphere of influence, even so far as preventing the couple from spending any time together except for sex. When Marguerite was in labour with one of her children, Blanche tried to send Louis away and Marguerite fainted out of distress.

Horrible Mother-In-Law From History

Blanche of Castile (1188-1252), Queen Consort of France (1223-1226) Queen Regent during her son’s Louis IX of Frances minority.

Her son, Louis IX, married Marguerite of Provence at the age of 20 and the bride was 12/13. Even though Louis IX was King in his own right, he allowed his mother to run roughshod over his young wife. Blanche tried to prevent the couple from forming a relationship for fear that Marguerite would usurp her mother in law’s sphere of influence, even so far as preventing the couple from spending any time together except for sex. When Marguerite was in labour with one of her children, Blanche tried to send Louis away and Marguerite fainted out of distress.

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Four Sisters who became Queens

From clockwise:

Margaret (1221-1295) The eldest sister, who became Queen of France.

Eleanor- (1223- 1291)The second sister, who became Queen of England.

Sanchia (1228- 1261)  The third sister, who became Queen of the Holy Roman Empire

Beatrice (1231- 1267)  The youngest sister, who became Queen of Sicily

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bulletproofjewels:

♕ Ranks and Titles of the Russian Imperial Family
  • Tsar/Emperor: Autocratic ruler of the Russian Empire. In formality, the Emperor ranks above any foreign Kings.
  • Dowager Empress: Widow of previous Tsar. Takes precedence over current Empress.
  • Tsarina/Empress: Consort to Tsar. May rule in his absence.
  • Tsesarevich: Heir to the throne. Given the title of Grand Duke at birth, males take precedence over any female siblings. Not to be confused with Tsarevich; traditional title for any male offspring of Tsar.
  • Grand Duke: Sons or grandsons of the Tsar. Must marry equally, to Princess of reigning royal house.
  • Grand Duchess: Daughter or male-line Granddaughter of the Tsar, or the wife of a Grand Duke. She may choose to keep her title of Imperial Highness when marrying a foreign Prince.
  • Prince of the Imperial Blood: a son from a non-reigning line of the Imperial Family; e.g.  great-grandsons of the Tsar. Permitted to marry lower-ranked wife.
  • Princess of the Imperial Blood: the female equivalent of Prince. May chose to marry lower-ranked husband.
  • Prince/Princess of a Noble House: Russian nobility. These families were very old, serving the Imperial Family for hundreds of years. Many had private fortunes, and worked in high government or military positions. Titles were hereditary. Many married into the Imperial Family by the Prince and Princesses of the Blood; e.g. Prince and Princess Felix Yusupov.

(via vintage-royalty)

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samswritingtips:

A breakdown of medieval armor, since a lot of pieces are required to create a full suit.

(via emperortab)