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Four Sisters who became Queens

From clockwise:

Margaret (1221-1295) The eldest sister, who became Queen of France.

Eleanor- (1223- 1291)The second sister, who became Queen of England.

Sanchia (1228- 1261)  The third sister, who became Queen of the Holy Roman Empire

Beatrice (1231- 1267)  The youngest sister, who became Queen of Sicily

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bulletproofjewels:

♕ Ranks and Titles of the Russian Imperial Family
  • Tsar/Emperor: Autocratic ruler of the Russian Empire. In formality, the Emperor ranks above any foreign Kings.
  • Dowager Empress: Widow of previous Tsar. Takes precedence over current Empress.
  • Tsarina/Empress: Consort to Tsar. May rule in his absence.
  • Tsesarevich: Heir to the throne. Given the title of Grand Duke at birth, males take precedence over any female siblings. Not to be confused with Tsarevich; traditional title for any male offspring of Tsar.
  • Grand Duke: Sons or grandsons of the Tsar. Must marry equally, to Princess of reigning royal house.
  • Grand Duchess: Daughter or male-line Granddaughter of the Tsar, or the wife of a Grand Duke. She may choose to keep her title of Imperial Highness when marrying a foreign Prince.
  • Prince of the Imperial Blood: a son from a non-reigning line of the Imperial Family; e.g.  great-grandsons of the Tsar. Permitted to marry lower-ranked wife.
  • Princess of the Imperial Blood: the female equivalent of Prince. May chose to marry lower-ranked husband.
  • Prince/Princess of a Noble House: Russian nobility. These families were very old, serving the Imperial Family for hundreds of years. Many had private fortunes, and worked in high government or military positions. Titles were hereditary. Many married into the Imperial Family by the Prince and Princesses of the Blood; e.g. Prince and Princess Felix Yusupov.

(via vintage-royalty)

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samswritingtips:

A breakdown of medieval armor, since a lot of pieces are required to create a full suit.

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dosesofgrace:

 Princess Grace of Monaco photographed by Lord Snowdon

dosesofgrace:

Princess Grace of Monaco photographed by Lord Snowdon

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theimperialcourt:

The Honours (Crown Jewels) of Scotland, held in Edinburgh Castle. The oldest regalia in the British Isles

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royals-and-quotes:

British Royal Jewels - The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara

The tiara was given to Princess Mary of Teck (future Queen Mary) as a wedding present when she married the future King George V in 1893. The Girls of Great Britain and Ireland, specifically a committee of them chaired by Lady Eve Greville, raised over £5,000 and purchased this tiara from Garrard before donating the remainder of the funds to charity at the request of the princess.

The original tiara is a diamond festoon-and-scroll design surmounted by nine large oriental pearls diamond spikes and set on an bandeau base of alternate round and lozenge collets between two plain bands of diamonds. Queen Mary later replaced the pearl finials with diamonds and removed the base so it could be worn as a headband. Both tiara and bandeau was given by Queen Mary to Princess Elizabeth as wedding present in 1947. Queen Elizabeth II has the bandeau reunited with the tiara in 1969.

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I need white people to stop pretending consent was possible during slavery.

Stop lying to yourselves that those black cousins are the result of illicit love affairs & grasp that slaves could not say no.

When consent is not an option, when you’re only seen as 3/5ths of a human being & you have no legal standing? You can’t say yes.

I need white America to sit down for a sec. Look into the faces of black Americans with the same last names & figure it the fuck out.

Our ancestors were raped by your ancestors. Regularly. Some of the kids were treated kindly. Most were not. They were sold.

White mistresses punished the slaves for “tempting” master & congratulated themselves on that bloody work. Read the narratives.

Not the cleaned up ones either. Read Incidents in The Life of A Slave Girl & understand that Mammy was a victim, not the one who loved you.

She couldn’t care for her kids, couldn’t choose her husband or their father most of the time. She was a slave.

Millions of people died on the Middle Passage. Millions more died here at the hands of your ancestors. Own that.

Now you want to sing Kumbaya & keep oppressing our communities & erasing our contributions. Spare me the tired bullshit.

Male slaves fared no better. There’s a long history of them being raped, tortured & killed too. That was slavery. Stop romanticizing it.

Our children were fed to alligators as bait (feel free to look that up) died of starvation or exposure & that was slavery too. Yep, we were livestock & you use sickly livestock as bait.

Stop watching Gone With The Wind & fantasizing about beautiful plantations if you can’t accept what happened on those plantations.

House slaves had it better in the sense of access to food & possibly better treatment, but they were still slaves.

14 year old slave girls weren’t falling in love with the men who could beat them & everyone they loved to death.

Read the tales of enslaved women who killed their children to spare them. Read about people beaten to death as an example.

Sally Hemings could have left Jefferson in Paris. Of course her entire family was still in his power. And his “love”? Didn’t free her. Ever.

Go look at the pictures of former slaves backs. Whipped until they bled & left to scar so they were maimed for life & couldn’t run.

Also before you talk about the cleaned up narratives, remember that the people relating their stories knew lynching was always possible.

Records of slavery were deliberately destroyed so that former owners wouldn’t have to pay anyone.

That “peculiar institution” was generations of blood, pain, & terror. That’s what built America. Never forget that.

Now stop talking about anyone’s white ancestors like they deserve the fucking credit for the success of people descended from slaves.

American slavery began in 1619. June 19, 1865 was the last official day of slavery. Do the math on how long it takes to heal that wound.

After slavery was officially over? Black codes & Jim Crow laws followed. America’s history of oppression is longer than that of freedom.

Also before any d*mb motherfuckers land in my mentions. I have a degree in history. I will read you to filth & bury you in sources.

Trust & believe there is no country here for people who want to romanticize a system that is still grinding away at my community.

All this fluffy fucking talk about American history to coddle white kids feelings & engender patriotism? You won’t get it here.

My ancestors built this country, I served this country & I will tell the damned truth about this country. Don’t like it? Fuck you.

Now let me get in my feelings about slavery before Africans were brought here. Because we weren’t the first people enslaved.

We were deliberately sought out for our skill sets & resistance to disease. Know why we were resistant? We’d had contact for years.

All of that “My ancestors never owned slaves so it has nothing to do with me?” Go look at those NDN ancestors again. See how many were free.

While you’re in there checking that out? Look up those old country ancestors & see how many benefited from slavery indirectly.

Also while we’re talking about NDN relatives? Yo, learn a name besides Cherokee. Better yet, learn about the genocidal tactics they faced.

Look up immigrant groups becoming white in America. Find out who had to bleed so they could gain access to white privilege.

Let’s really talk about the Red Summer of 1919 & how it wasn’t an unusual occurrence. Tulsa, Rosewood? They were just famous.

Let’s talk about welfare & who could access it. Hell let’s talk about who is collecting more of it right now.

Let’s talk about the primary beneficiaries of affirmative action (spoiler! White women!) & what it means to attack black people instead.

Shit, let’s get into the Great Depression & the Great Recession & who is hurting the most financially through both.

Let’s talk about conditions on reservations, in the inner city, & the violence faced by POC who try to leave those areas.

Hell, let’s talk about why we don’t see shows that reflect the American population set in the past, present, or future.

Go read Columbus’ diaries & see what “civilization” really meant to the people he encountered.

For that matter go read up on King Leopold & the Congo. I’ll wait while you cry.

That’s the thing about whiteness as a social construct in America. It’s not about white people, it’s about white power over others.

When we’re talking about white privilege? We’re talking about what it takes to shape this society based on oppression.

America is a young country with a lot of power because of genocide, slavery, & continuing oppression. Individuals build institutions.

All of these conversations aren’t about bringing out white guilt, they’re about ending this institution developed over the generations.

Also let’s be clear that America is sick with this ish across the political spectrum. It may manifest differently but it exists everywhere.

Before I go, let me also suggest that people who are curious about anything I tweeted about take a tour through Google with terms.

It’s not that I won’t answer questions, but there are books out there that I think everyone should read on slavery, whiteness, & America.

Karnythia,  laying it down with righteousness on Juneteenth — the truth about slavery and its lingering effects on America.  (via skyliting)

I don’t want to see tl;dr no you ALL need to fucking read this. (via thisisnotblackhistorymonth)

(via rabbleprochoice)

Link

http://fat-amy-for-president.tumblr.com/post/51105492316/fat-amy-for-president-i-was-at-hot-topic-and

fat-amy-for-president:

fat-amy-for-president:

I was at Hot Topic and saw this cool tshirt for some band or something called Bring Me the Horizon and idk what bring me the horizon is and don’t really care but the shirt is cute so i’ll wear it

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This was an experiment. See how people started getting…

(Source: srushtinator, via srushtinator)

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Laurel Leaf Tiara belonging to Queen Sophia of Greece

Laurel Leaf Tiara belonging to Queen Sophia of Greece

(Source: buddhabrot, via lmovie)

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jeannepompadour:

Princess Elizabeth of England, later Queen of Bohemia by Robert Peake, c. 1606

After the English refused to have further Catholics on the throne,  they ousted James II. They had to skip over 52 claimants to find a Protestant, who were found through the line of Princess Elizabeth. Her daughter, Sophia, Electress of Hanover, mother of George I of Great Britain.